Emergency 2012 La Mods 2021 Download
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In order to encourage use of the IUD as an alternative to emergency contraception, cost should be addressed. An important barrier in Europe is that the IUD is much more expensive than emergency contraception. In a study carried out in France, patients were asked to compare the cost of emergency contraception and the IUD (Dugast et al., 2012). Patients found it much more expensive to use the IUD, and this difference in cost was more pronounced in patients who had previously used emergency contraception (Dugast et al., 2012). Women are usually concerned about the side effects associated with IUDs, but there is little information on this subject. Indeed, the only study on this subject in France found that the majority of women who have an IUD do not have any complaints (Dugast et al., 2012). Another study carried out in Germany showed that the majority of women who have an IUD do not notice any side effects (Dugast et al., 2012). In a study carried out in Belgium, women who have an IUD are more likely to have a positive attitude towards their IUD, without perceiving any negative effects from it (Leclercq-Corbin et al., 2012).
Several studies have tried to determine if the IUD is viewed as a less effective contraceptive method than oral emergency contraceptive pills. One study carried out in the USA in 2009 showed no difference between the effectiveness of the IUD and the OC with regard to pregnancy prevention (Bacchetti et al., 2010). This study, based on data obtained from the National Survey of Family Growth and the National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior found that the IUD had similar effectiveness to the OC (Bacchetti et al., 2010). Another US study carried out in 2011 looked at the perceptions of emergency contraception among postmenopausal women and found that women were more likely to consider using the IUD as an emergency contraception method if they had not had children or had an unplanned pregnancy in the past (Wright et al., 2012). Wright et al. also found that women who had used emergency contraception in the past were more likely to select the IUD as a contraceptive method for this purpose (Wright et al., 2012).
The WHO/United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Joint Monitoring Programme for HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), estimates that the number of adolescent girls and young women who have ever used a modern contraceptive method in developing countries has increased by around 15% since 2010 (UNAIDS, 2012). It is estimated that in India, more than one-third of pregnancies are not wanted (Grover et al., 2007). If more women became aware and used IUDs, this would improve the use of other contraceptives and result in a significant decrease in unplanned pregnancies (UNAIDS, 2012). However, in terms of the prevalence of IUD use in India, the current findings and baseline data from the Economic Survey of India (2011-12), published as a part of the India Human Development Report 2012, show that the IUDs are being used by only 0.4% of married women (0.4% of currently married women and 2.2% of all married women). 827ec27edc